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Original price was: ₹299.00.Current price is: ₹99.00.

Insulin is a vital hormone produced by the pancreas that plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels in the body. It acts as a key that unlocks cells, allowing glucose from the bloodstream to enter and be used for energy production. Insulin also helps store excess glucose in the liver and muscles for later use.

Key Functions of Insulin:

  1. Regulation of Blood Sugar: Insulin helps maintain blood glucose levels within a narrow range, preventing them from rising too high (hyperglycemia) or dropping too low (hypoglycemia).
  2. Promotion of Glucose Uptake: Insulin facilitates the uptake of glucose by cells throughout the body, including muscle, fat, and liver cells. This process is essential for providing cells with the energy they need to function properly.
  3. Storage of Excess Glucose: When blood glucose levels are elevated, insulin promotes the storage of excess glucose in the liver and muscles in the form of glycogen. This stored glucose can be released when needed to maintain blood sugar levels during periods of fasting or increased energy demand.
  4. Inhibition of Glucose Production: Insulin suppresses glucose production in the liver, helping to prevent excessive glucose release into the bloodstream.
  5. Promotion of Fat Storage: Insulin also plays a role in lipid metabolism by promoting the uptake of fatty acids and triglycerides into fat cells for storage.

Implications of Insulin Dysfunction:

  1. Diabetes: Insulin dysfunction can lead to diabetes, a chronic condition characterized by elevated blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes results from the immune-mediated destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, leading to insulin deficiency. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or fails to produce enough insulin to meet its needs.
  2. Hyperglycemia: Insufficient insulin action can result in hyperglycemia, which can lead to a range of complications, including cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and vision problems.
  3. Hypoglycemia: Excessive insulin action or insulin administration can cause hypoglycemia, characterized by dangerously low blood sugar levels. Symptoms may include shakiness, sweating, confusion, and, in severe cases, loss of consciousness.
  4. Metabolic Syndrome: Insulin resistance, a condition in which cells become less responsive to insulin, is a key feature of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

In summary, insulin is a critical hormone that regulates blood sugar levels and plays a central role in energy metabolism. Dysfunction of insulin action can lead to serious health consequences, highlighting the importance of maintaining proper insulin function through healthy lifestyle choices and, when necessary, medical intervention.



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